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Editorial Guideline - African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development (AJSTID)

Submitting Papers
Authors are required to submit original papers, that is, papers submitted should not have been previously published or be currently under consideration for publication elsewhere. All papers are refereed through a double blind process. You may send an electronic copy of your paper (MS Word file attached to an e-mail) to editor@ajstid.com



A paper should be no longer than 6,000 to 7,000 words, with an Abstract of about 150 words. Remove author details, any acknow­ledgements and other author identifiers, and put them into a separate file when you submit. 


You can use any standard of English (e.g., UK or US) provided you are consistent in your choice. If you use acronyms,   you should explain them separately in a list below the Abstract or in the text. All Tables and Figures should be numbered 1, 2, 3, etc. (respectively) and mentioned in the text.


Notes and References

End Notes should be used sparingly to highlight, elaborate or explain some points in the text, and also to give reference to anonymous articles from websites. References in the text should be done thus: ‘Jones (2006) argued that …’ or ‘According to a survey (Jones, 2006a) …’ or ‘Jones et al (2001: 23) found that...’. Anonymous newspaper articles should be shown thus: ‘( The Guardian, 20 May 2007)’.


List full citations at the end under ‘References’ using the guidance below:

Book: Allen, D. and Levine, V. (1986), Nurturing advanced technology enterprises: emerging issues in state and local economic development policy, New York: Prager Publishers.


Edited Book: Edquist, C. (ed.) (1997), Systems of Innovation: Technologies, Institutions and Organisations, London: Pinter.


Chapter in an Edited Book: Baskaran, A. and Muchie, M. (2003), ‘Towards African National System of Innovation: Sharing with the Experiences of Indian National System of Innovation’, in Muchie, M., Gammeltoft, P. and Lundvall, B.-Å. (eds.), Putting Africa First: The Making of African Innovation Systems, Aalborg, Denmark: Aalborg University Press.


Journal Article:Chan, K.F. and Lau, T. (2005), ‘Assessing technology incubator programmes in the science park: the good, the bad and the ugly’, in Technovation, 25(10): 1215-1228.


Conference papers/proceedings: Allen, D. (1985), ‘An entrepreneurial marriage: business incubators and start-ups’, in Proceedings of the Fifth Annual Babson College Entrepreneurship Research Conference, Center for Entrepreneurial Studies Babson College, Wellesley, Massachusetts.

Baskaran, A. and Muchie, M. (2011), ‘Can the Relative Strength of the National Systems of Innovation Mitigate the Severity of the Global Recession on National Economies? – The Case of Selected Developed Economies,’ Paper presented at the DIME Final Conference, 6-8 April, Maastricht, Netherlands.


Working Paper/ Discussion Paper

Mani, S. (2001), ‘Role of Government in Promoting Innovation in the Enterprise Sector: An Analysis of the Indian Experience,’ Discussion Paper, No. 3, United Nations University, Institute for New Technologies, Maastricht, Netherlands. Available at: http://www.intech.unu.edu/publications/discussion-papers/2001-3.pdf


Newspaper Article: The Financial Times (1996), “Celltech chief could net £6.2m,” 31 January.


Paper/ Report from a Website: White, S., Gao, J. and Zhang, W. (2002), ‘China’s Venture Capital Industry: Institutional trajectories and system structure,’ Available at: http://www.insme.info/documenti/white.pdf.

Kanamori, T. and Zhao, Z. (2004), Private Sector Development in the People’s Republic of China, Tokyo: ADB Institute. Available at:


House of Commons, Select Committee on Science and Technology (1999), Science and Technology Minutes of Evidence, 31 March. Available at: http://www.parliament.thestationary…9899/cmselect/cmsctech/332/9033106.htm (Accessed: 20 June 2010).


Doctoral Thesis: Mian, S. (1991), ‘An assessment of university-sponsored business incubators in supporting the development of new technology-based firms’, Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation, School of Business and Public Management, The George Washington University, Washington, DC.


Tables, Figures and Diagrams

Avoid colour in Tables, Figures and Diagrams. Avoid graphics or scanned figures from websites: redraw them or get detailed originals. Avoid all shading in Tables and Figures, if possible.


Download Model Paper

We encourage authors to use the SAMPLE PAPER provided in the journal website to structure their papers to the required AJSTID format and submit for review. Please visit: www.ajstid.com

Please submit an e-copy of your paper as a Word file only.


After Acceptance

All papers are copyedited. Authors receive proofs before publication



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