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African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development (AJSTID)
Published Since: 2009
Publishing Discontinued: 2012 (The journal is now published by Taylor & Francis
Publication Frequency: Quarterly

This issue of AJSTID contains a special section on papers presented during the ANSOLE (African Network for Solar Energy) DAYS 2012 on the theme “Solar Energy for Sustainable Development” which was held from the 17th to 19th, February 2012 at the University of Yaounde I, Cameroon, which was attended by 200 participants from 20 countries. Secondly, it contains general research papers and finally is included research notes submitted by different researchers, from various parts of Africa. It is no exaggeration to say that the Sun is the primary source of energy on Earth. It transforms hydrogen into helium through nuclear fusion, whereby energy is released as electromagnetic rays (photons). It is said in every hour the Sun bathes the Earth with enough energy to satisfy global energy needs for a year.Solar energy currently accounts for about 0.1% of the global energy demand. Solar energy is the primary source of power for today's space missions.  Reports from Deserte............

The term human capital was invented by the economist Theodore Schultz in the 1960s to express the contribution of differentiated human capacities and skills. The concept was defined, like any other capital, as a correlation between labour and skills that humans have in relation to how they are able to build capacities through education, training and skills upgrading to bring about improvement in the quality and level of production. Human capital development is critical to reduce unemployment, particularly among youth. In many African countries training for human capital building is critical. It appears that coordination and linkages amongst the production of the skilled and educated trainee remains a big challenge to many African countries. Human capital is one of the critical factors for building the national system of innovation in Africa and Africa needs an education revolution to create a human capital foundation that can sustain a robust system of innovation. It also needs to laun............

Introduction to the Special Issue on “Africa's Challenges in Meeting the MDGs on Safe and Drinking Water” Oghenerobor B. Akpor, Mammo Muchie and Angathevar Baskaran The contributions to this special issue of the African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development (AJSTID) reveal and feature the shared concern of researchers determined to discover new knowledge and insights on water issues that are pertinent in Africa. Clean water on the tap is still a luxury in Africa. Water exists in abundance but not in ways it can be accessed and used readily by ordinary people. The millennium development goals aim at halving by 2015 the proportion of the population without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation. Nevertheless, safe drinking water to all the rural households in Africa and safe water supply to all the people of Africa remain still a big challenge. Water is more critical than electricity and other necessities in life.............

Notes from the Editors   Mammo Muchie and Angathevar Baskaran Information and communication technologies or ICTs are considered as bringing about a major paradigm shift by having brought far-reaching changes in the way interactions are taking place among peoples, economies, societies and communities in the world today. We have now both e-people and fewer and fewer people that have not gone electronic yet. The number of those who go e- is growing rapidly, and those who have not yet become computer un-literate appear to dwindle over time. That e- people are populating the world as electronic herds everywhere in the world making communication instantaneous is a reality that is with us now. It raises big opportunities as well as challenges. It is remarkable how recent political changes in North Africa have been attributed to the ease of communication that ICTs provided among those who were able to coordinate protests. It looks everything that used to be done with human expendit............

Notes from the Editors Mammo Muchie and Angathevar Baskaran The most popularised concept in the economics of innovation literature has been the national system of innovation (NSI). It is in the late 1980s that the concept that Frederik List coined as the National Political Economy of Production took off again with different thinkers applying writing about the peculiarities and distinctions of the Japanese, the American, the British, German, the East Asian Tigers and other varieties of system construction. The normative assumption is that those that succeeded in building economic strength relied on the science, engineering, technology capability that made them attain an innovation advantage to put them in world, national or regional economic leadership depending on what level of analyses is selected to look at particular failure, success or progress. The application of innovation systems to economies that barely can boast of setting up any system to speak of, in the sense ............

AJSTID is now entering its third year of publication. The initial expectation to build sustainable research capacity by combining the best research from the global pool of researchers with the objective of building research capacity in Africa is bearing tangible results. Some 70% of the research papers and research notes are by African emergent and senior researchers and 30% of the research publications have come from the global pool of researchers by thinkers and scholars working specially but not exclusively in neo-Schumpeterian evolutionary economics, systems of innovation and innovation and development including contribution by the pioneers of the field of science, technology and innovation studies. The combination of research excellence coming from the global pool of researchers and original and quality research from African emergent and senior researchers has produced opportunities for creating measurable research capacity development in Africa. AJSTID is one of the journ............

We dedicate this issue to the late Professor Christopher Freeman who was both amongst the originators and the leading thinkers along with Bengt-Åke Lundvall, Richard Nelson and Luc Soete on innovation studies. He whole heartedly supported the initiative to start, found and institutionalise an African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development. As late as the year before Chris Freeman departed from this world, he graciously offered to help us launch the journal by stating the following generous message of support: For many reasons, I heartily welcome the launch of an African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development. On the one hand, a number of non-African powers colonised parts of South, Central, West, East and North Africa and imposed a variety of administrations, including policies for innovation. On the other hand, the original inhabitants of all the regions of Africa succeeded to some degree, in spite of overwhelming and sometimes brutal re............

This special issue of the African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development (AJSTID) is a result from the South African-German Dialogue on Science for Sustainability. This policy dialogue addresses the questions how technological innovation can contribute to more sustainable development paths and how international cooperation can help to solve conflicts between economic growth and the depletion of natural resources. Government officials from South Africa and Germany discussed with scientists from natural and social sciences, representatives from non-governmental Organizations (NGOs) and businesses in two conferences in Bonn and Tshwane/Pretoria how development, environmental and scientific-technological cooperation lines can be better linked. It is now acknowledged that the way nations industrialised in the North was by exploiting and injuring nature. Human induced climate change is one of the results. Economic development has been driven as a process that is both po............


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